Inability to conceive after regular and frequent intercourse (twice weekly) over a period of one year is defined as infertility. 30% of the couples conceive in the first month of trying. 90% do so in 1 year. 95% conceive within 2 years. A normal healthy couple could take upto two years to get pregnant. As high as 10-15% of all couples will seek help for infertility. In these cases it is extremely important to have good guidance from special fertility doctors.
Infertility can cause considerable psychological distress to couples. The United Nations states that reproductive health is a state of complete, physical, mental and social well-being and not just the absence of disease. All over the world incidence of infertility is rising. Factors like increase in pelvic infections, postponing child bearing age of mothers could be some factors responsible for this rise. Overall 15% of couples experience difficulties in conceiving and one in seven couples seek help for infertility.
Since 1960s scientists were experimenting to achieve fertilisation outside the human body. Initially experiments were done on hamsters, rats and mice. In 1959 first test-tube rabbit was born in USA. First IVF baby, Louise Brown was born in Oldham, England in July 1978. In December 1981 America’s first IVF baby Elizabeth Carr was born in Norfolk, Virginia.
Since the birth of first IVF baby in 1978, human embryo research is a subject of a controversy. New developments in Assisted reproductive technology has raised many ethical questions and precipitated widespread and at a times heated community debates in many countries around the world. The main opposition to human embryo research comes from three sources: right -to - life organizations, some religions and some feminist groups. Pro-life organizations believe that early human embryo should have full moral status and absolute right to life. Similarly radical feminists find reproductive technology and human research unacceptable. However public opinion polls in Britain and Australia were in favor of human embryo research especially when purpose of research was specified.
ICMR states that out of a population of 1000 million Indians, 13-19 million couples are likely to have fertility problems at any given time. India’s first scientifically documented IVF baby, Harsha was born in August 6. 1986, in Mumbai.
Scientific societies around the world, such as ASRM, ESHRE and IFFS, have drawn up guidelines for the safe and ethical practice of ART. In India, ICMR guidelines are prepared for similar purpose. The guidelines are extremely comprehensive and covers all area related to ART practise. It states the essential requirements of IVF clinics, essential qualification of IVF team (Gynecologist, Andrologist, clinical Embryologist, counsellor and programme co-ordinator)) common indications of ART procedure, cautions, precautions and concerns of ART and also warns about possible misuse of ART.
Dr. Sandeep Mane at The Origin Fertility Clinic, is one of the leading fertility doctor in India and The Origin International Fertility Centre in Best IVF center in India. Because of his guidance and expertise in the field of fertility, The Origin Fertility has a number a achievements to its credit such as the first surrogate baby in thane.