Fertility problems are constantly on the rise. Male factor is responsible for subfertility in about 25% of the couples. In another 20 to 25% of the couples, there is a joint male and a female factor. This is how male factor affects almost 50% of the couples of subfertility. The main reason for this significant problem is the current lifestyle. Late marriages, psychological problems, physical exhaustion, habits such as smoking, alcohol and drugs, infections.
Men are under pressure to improve their lifestyle. In this process, the focus of their lives has shifted to career development and achieving professional excellence. They work long hours, sleep patterns are disturbed and dietary irregularities increase. All this leads to physical and mental exhaustion. Stress, anxiety and depression and the medications taken to treat these conditions adversely affect the sperm production process. Sperm production is a neurohormonal process controlled by the brain. An imbalance of the hormones coming from the barin leads to the sperm problems. Diabetes is very common nowadays. This can lead to decreased libido (desire for sex), erectile dysfunction and decreased sperm concentration and motility.
Physical exhaustion and fatigue leads to decreased libido and inability to physical perform the act. Erectile dysfunction (inability to have erection) and Premature ejaculation are common problems in men nowadays. Frequency of intercourse also plays a role in male subfertility. Daily intercourse leads to decreased sperm concentration and too infrequent (gaps of more than 10 days) leads to decreased motility.
Habits such as smoking, alcohol and drugs have adverse effect on fertility. They affect the hormonal balance that is necessary for the sperm production. Mainly, the sperm concentration and the motility is affected.
Infections affect the sperm production and sometimes the ejaculation process. Multiple sexual partners can lead to sexually transmitted diseases. Tuberculosis can also affect male fertility adversely
Reasons for sperm death:
Disturbed hormonal balance of the body due to above mentioned factors leads to sperm death. A gap of more than 10 days prior to the ejaculation is known to reduce sperm motility in the sample and have many dead sperms. Hence, an ideal semen sample for assessment is the one with a gap of 3 to 7 days. Smoking is the biggest culprit for sperm death.
What are the lifestyle changes that we can incorporate to stop it ?
A conscious effort needs to be taken to balance the physical and mental health. Physical fitness and mental relaxation improve male fertility. Exercise in mild to moderate forms increase the testosterone levels and helps fertility. Excessive physical exercise has a negative influence on fertility. Regular healthy dietary intake at proper times of the day avoids health problems such as acidity and diabetes. Avoid smoking completely. It affects libido and also sperm quality. Alcohol in controlled manner is not harmful, but when taken excessively, it has adverse effects on the sperm quality. Professions that affect the male fertility include excessive cycling, horse riding, working close to hot furnaces and working with chemicals.
It is important to maintain good sexual health. Regular intercourse in a stable relationship reduces the chances of infections and improves the fertility.