In vitro fertilization (IVF)

IVF is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body.

CIntra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

ICSI differs from conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) in that the embryologist selects a single sperm to be injected directly into an egg, instead of fertilization taking place in a dish where many sperm are placed near an egg.


Indications for IVF Treatment:

1) Fallopian tube damage/tubal factor/tubal ligation.

2) Male factor infertility.

3) Endometriosis.

4) Advanced age /Low ovarian reserve

5) Unexplained infertility.

6) Genetic abnormalities.

Various steps of an IVF treatment cycle

Pre IVF Workup
IVF Treatment

GnRH Agonist – The “long” protocol

Monitoring :

1) Biochemical/Hormonal Monitoring

2) Ultrasound Monitoring : Follicular Growth & Endometrial Response

Need for Monitoring :

1) Modification of drugs to obtain optimum outcome

2) To avoid complications

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